In this article we are mainly dealing with the programming stuff, Why C is more versatile and difficult in comparision to C++.
|1.||In C, the programming language is structural or procedural.||In C++ the programming language is object oriented.|
|2.||C can be viewed as a subset of C++. That means every operation that can be performed in C can also be performed in C++. But converse may not be true.||C++ can be viewed as superset of C.
C++ can execute most of the c codes (being superset of C).
|3.||C follows the top to down approach.||C++ on the other hand follows bottom to up approach.|
|4.||Since C is a procedural programming language ,the emphasis is on procedures or steps to solve any problem.||C++ is object oriented; emphasis is on objects rather than procedures to perform any task.|
|5.||Functions are the fundamental building blocks in C.||Objects are the fundamental building blocks in C++.|
|6.||In C (because it is a procedural programming language), data and functions are independent of each other and are thus free entities.||In C++ (as it is used as an object-oriented programming language), data and functions both are clubbed together in a single entity called object. For the creation of an object class provides a blueprint of a structure of the object.|
|7.||Programs can be categorized into modules and functions.||Programs in C++ can be categorized into classes and functions.|
|8.||Polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance are not supported by C (As it does not allow for object orientation)||Polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance are all supported by C++ (As it is an object oriented programming language)|
|9.||In C, variables have to be defined before the beginning of a function.||On the other hand variables in C++ can be defined anywhere in the whole function.|
|10.||scanf() and printf() function are used in for input and output operations.||cin>> and cout<< are used in C++ for input and output operations.|
|11.||Features like function overloading and operator overloading are not present in case of C.||Features like function overloading and operator overloading are supported very much by C++.|
|12.||reference variables are not supported in C.||Reference variables are supported in C++.|
|13.||C doesn’t support exception handling directly. Some other function has to be defined to use this.||Exception handling is supported in C++. It is done by using try and catch block.|
|14.||Dynamic memory allocation is done through malloc() and calloc() functions, and for memory de-allocation C uses free() function.||Memory allocation in C++ is done through new operator and for memory de-allocation C++ uses free operator.|
|15.||In C, the data is not secured and can be accessed by external functions.||Data is hidden and cannot be accessed by external functions.|
|16.||Files are saved with .C extension in C.||Incase of C++ files are saved with “.CPP” extension.|