Introduction

This is for sure that many of us would have encountered these words several numbers of times in our lifetime (often daily).These are some of the most common law terms which we come across be it through newspapers, books, in TV, movies or in our day to day talks with friends.Let us try to understand the exact difference between them and their significance so that the next time you hear them, you just don’t listen to them but you understand them too.

A written constitution of a country has several divisions namely– the Preamble, Acts, Schedule, Parts & Articles.

The Preamble

It refers to the introduction of the constitution. It contains the summary or essence of the constitution.  It can thus be called as the “IDENTITY CARD” of the constitution. Just as the identity card of an individual has his/her basic details, preamble too has the basic details of the constitution.

Act

In simple words, an act refers to a law. A law becomes an act once passed by the legislature in the house/assembly. ( Legislature –  persons responsible for law making in a country ). For example – RTI  Act of Indian Constitution 2005 has all the articles related to it covering all matters related to Right To Information.

 

Article

It is the main part of the constitution and has rules relating to a particular matter. It has a number of sections in it which lay down provisions under that article. Thus an article can be termed as rules that govern a particular subject of interest. For example – Article 14 guarantees right to equality in Indian Constitution.

Part

The constitution is divided into a number of parts that deal with a broad, but the specific topic.  For example, Part III deals with Fundamental Rights and Part IV with Directive Principles in Indian Constitution.

Schedules 

It is like an appendix which can be referred to while reading an article. Schedules are the auxiliary provision which could not be accommodated in one single article. They contain articles which are related to list of particular item. For example Schedule XI of Indian Constitution deals with Panchayati Raj and has 29 items enlisted in it – like agriculture, irrigation, forest products etc.

In a Nut Shell ( Summary ):-

We can conclude that a constitution has various ACTS which in turn consists of various ARTICLES in it. Thus an article is more specific in nature and deals with the particular subject.

PARTs are divisions of constitution containing a number of articles but all related to a specific topic. Whereas SCHEDULES too are the division of constitution and contain articles related to the particular item list.

                   Do You Know ?? (Additional information)

The Amendment is the way of changing the constitution. Addition of an article, deletion of the article, or modification of article all require amendments. Even a comma or full stop addition or removal in constitution involves an amendment to it with defined procedures.

 

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